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/* Code and variables that is common to both fork and select-based
* servers.
*
* No code here should assume whether sockets are blocking or not.
**/
#define _GNU_SOURCE
#include <stdarg.h>
#include <grp.h>
#include "common.h"
#include "probe.h"
/* Added to make the code compilable under CYGWIN
* */
#ifndef SA_NOCLDWAIT
#define SA_NOCLDWAIT 0
#endif
/*
* Settings that depend on the command line. They're set in main(), but also
* used in other places in common.c, and it'd be heavy-handed to pass it all as
* parameters
*/
int verbose = 0;
int probing_timeout = 2;
int inetd = 0;
int foreground = 0;
int background = 0;
int transparent = 0;
int numeric = 0;
const char *user_name, *pid_file;
struct addrinfo *addr_listen = NULL; /* what addresses do we listen to? */
#ifdef LIBWRAP
#include <tcpd.h>
int allow_severity =0, deny_severity = 0;
#endif
/* check result and die, printing the offending address and error */
void check_res_dumpdie(int res, struct addrinfo *addr, char* syscall)
{
char buf[NI_MAXHOST];
if (res == -1) {
fprintf(stderr, "%s:%s: %s\n",
sprintaddr(buf, sizeof(buf), addr),
syscall,
strerror(errno));
exit(1);
}
}
/* Starts listening sockets on specified addresses.
* IN: addr[], num_addr
* OUT: *sockfd[] pointer to newly-allocated array of file descriptors
* Returns number of addresses bound
* Bound file descriptors are returned in newly-allocated *sockfd pointer
*/
int start_listen_sockets(int *sockfd[], struct addrinfo *addr_list)
{
struct sockaddr_storage *saddr;
struct addrinfo *addr;
int i, res, one;
int num_addr = 0;
for (addr = addr_list; addr; addr = addr->ai_next)
num_addr++;
if (verbose)
fprintf(stderr, "listening to %d addresses\n", num_addr);
*sockfd = malloc(num_addr * sizeof(*sockfd[0]));
for (i = 0, addr = addr_list; i < num_addr && addr; i++, addr = addr->ai_next) {
if (!addr) {
fprintf(stderr, "FATAL: Inconsistent listen number. This should not happen.\n");
exit(1);
}
saddr = (struct sockaddr_storage*)addr->ai_addr;
(*sockfd)[i] = socket(saddr->ss_family, SOCK_STREAM, 0);
check_res_dumpdie((*sockfd)[i], addr, "socket");
one = 1;
res = setsockopt((*sockfd)[i], SOL_SOCKET, SO_REUSEADDR, (char*)&one, sizeof(one));
check_res_dumpdie(res, addr, "setsockopt(SO_REUSEADDR)");
if (IP_FREEBIND) {
res = setsockopt((*sockfd)[i], IPPROTO_IP, IP_FREEBIND, (char*)&one, sizeof(one));
check_res_dumpdie(res, addr, "setsockopt(IP_FREEBIND)");
}
res = bind((*sockfd)[i], addr->ai_addr, addr->ai_addrlen);
check_res_dumpdie(res, addr, "bind");
res = listen ((*sockfd)[i], 50);
check_res_dumpdie(res, addr, "listen");
}
return num_addr;
}
/* Transparent proxying: bind the peer address of fd to the peer address of
* fd_from */
#define IP_TRANSPARENT 19
int bind_peer(int fd, int fd_from)
{
struct addrinfo from;
struct sockaddr_storage ss;
int res, trans = 1;
memset(&from, 0, sizeof(from));
from.ai_addr = (struct sockaddr*)&ss;
from.ai_addrlen = sizeof(ss);
/* getpeername can fail with ENOTCONN if connection was dropped before we
* got here */
res = getpeername(fd_from, from.ai_addr, &from.ai_addrlen);
CHECK_RES_RETURN(res, "getpeername");
#ifndef IP_BINDANY /* use IP_TRANSPARENT */
res = setsockopt(fd, IPPROTO_IP, IP_TRANSPARENT, &trans, sizeof(trans));
CHECK_RES_DIE(res, "setsockopt");
#else
if (from.ai_addr->sa_family==AF_INET) { /* IPv4 */
res = setsockopt(fd, IPPROTO_IP, IP_BINDANY, &trans, sizeof(trans));
CHECK_RES_RETURN(res, "setsockopt IP_BINDANY");
#ifdef IPV6_BINDANY
} else { /* IPv6 */
res = setsockopt(fd, IPPROTO_IPV6, IPV6_BINDANY, &trans, sizeof(trans));
CHECK_RES_RETURN(res, "setsockopt IPV6_BINDANY");
#endif /* IPV6_BINDANY */
}
#endif /* IP_TRANSPARENT / IP_BINDANY */
res = bind(fd, from.ai_addr, from.ai_addrlen);
CHECK_RES_RETURN(res, "bind");
return 0;
}
/* Connect to first address that works and returns a file descriptor, or -1 if
* none work.
* If transparent proxying is on, use fd_from peer address on external address
* of new file descriptor. */
int connect_addr(struct connection *cnx, int fd_from)
{
struct addrinfo *a, from;
struct sockaddr_storage ss;
char buf[NI_MAXHOST];
int fd, res;
memset(&from, 0, sizeof(from));
from.ai_addr = (struct sockaddr*)&ss;
from.ai_addrlen = sizeof(ss);
res = getpeername(fd_from, from.ai_addr, &from.ai_addrlen);
CHECK_RES_RETURN(res, "getpeername");
for (a = cnx->proto->saddr; a; a = a->ai_next) {
/* When transparent, make sure both connections use the same address family */
if (transparent && a->ai_family != from.ai_addr->sa_family)
continue;
if (verbose)
fprintf(stderr, "connecting to %s family %d len %d\n",
sprintaddr(buf, sizeof(buf), a),
a->ai_addr->sa_family, a->ai_addrlen);
/* XXX Needs to match ai_family from fd_from when being transparent! */
fd = socket(a->ai_family, SOCK_STREAM, 0);
if (fd == -1) {
log_message(LOG_ERR, "forward to %s failed:socket: %s\n",
cnx->proto->description, strerror(errno));
} else {
if (transparent) {
res = bind_peer(fd, fd_from);
CHECK_RES_RETURN(res, "bind_peer");
}
res = connect(fd, a->ai_addr, a->ai_addrlen);
if (res == -1) {
log_message(LOG_ERR, "forward to %s failed:connect: %s\n",
cnx->proto->description, strerror(errno));
close(fd);
} else {
return fd;
}
}
}
return -1;
}
/* Store some data to write to the queue later */
int defer_write(struct queue *q, void* data, int data_size)
{
char *p;
if (verbose)
fprintf(stderr, "**** writing deferred on fd %d\n", q->fd);
p = realloc(q->begin_deferred_data, q->deferred_data_size + data_size);
if (!p) {
perror("realloc");
exit(1);
}
q->deferred_data = q->begin_deferred_data = p;
p += q->deferred_data_size;
q->deferred_data_size += data_size;
memcpy(p, data, data_size);
return 0;
}
/* tries to flush some of the data for specified queue
* Upon success, the number of bytes written is returned.
* Upon failure, -1 returned (e.g. connexion closed)
* */
int flush_deferred(struct queue *q)
{
int n;
if (verbose)
fprintf(stderr, "flushing deferred data to fd %d\n", q->fd);
n = write(q->fd, q->deferred_data, q->deferred_data_size);
if (n == -1)
return n;
if (n == q->deferred_data_size) {
/* All has been written -- release the memory */
free(q->begin_deferred_data);
q->begin_deferred_data = NULL;
q->deferred_data = NULL;
q->deferred_data_size = 0;
} else {
/* There is data left */
q->deferred_data += n;
q->deferred_data_size -= n;
}
return n;
}
void init_cnx(struct connection *cnx)
{
memset(cnx, 0, sizeof(*cnx));
cnx->q[0].fd = -1;
cnx->q[1].fd = -1;
cnx->proto = get_first_protocol();
}
void dump_connection(struct connection *cnx)
{
printf("state: %d\n", cnx->state);
printf("fd %d, %d deferred\n", cnx->q[0].fd, cnx->q[0].deferred_data_size);
printf("fd %d, %d deferred\n", cnx->q[1].fd, cnx->q[1].deferred_data_size);
}
/*
* moves data from one fd to other
*
* returns number of bytes copied if success
* returns 0 (FD_CNXCLOSED) if incoming socket closed
* returns FD_NODATA if no data was available
* returns FD_STALLED if data was read, could not be written, and has been
* stored in temporary buffer.
*/
int fd2fd(struct queue *target_q, struct queue *from_q)
{
char buffer[BUFSIZ];
int target, from, size_r, size_w;
target = target_q->fd;
from = from_q->fd;
size_r = read(from, buffer, sizeof(buffer));
if (size_r == -1) {
switch (errno) {
case EAGAIN:
if (verbose)
fprintf(stderr, "reading 0 from %d\n", from);
return FD_NODATA;
case ECONNRESET:
case EPIPE:
return FD_CNXCLOSED;
}
}
CHECK_RES_RETURN(size_r, "read");
if (size_r == 0)
return FD_CNXCLOSED;
size_w = write(target, buffer, size_r);
/* process -1 when we know how to deal with it */
if (size_w == -1) {
switch (errno) {
case EAGAIN:
/* write blocked: Defer data */
defer_write(target_q, buffer, size_r);
return FD_STALLED;
case ECONNRESET:
case EPIPE:
/* remove end closed -- drop the connection */
return FD_CNXCLOSED;
}
} else if (size_w < size_r) {
/* incomplete write -- defer the rest of the data */
defer_write(target_q, buffer + size_w, size_r - size_w);
return FD_STALLED;
}
CHECK_RES_RETURN(size_w, "write");
return size_w;
}
/* returns a string that prints the IP and port of the sockaddr */
char* sprintaddr(char* buf, size_t size, struct addrinfo *a)
{
char host[NI_MAXHOST], serv[NI_MAXSERV];
int res;
res = getnameinfo(a->ai_addr, a->ai_addrlen,
host, sizeof(host),
serv, sizeof(serv),
numeric ? NI_NUMERICHOST | NI_NUMERICSERV : 0 );
if (res) {
log_message(LOG_ERR, "sprintaddr:getnameinfo: %s\n", gai_strerror(res));
/* Name resolution failed: do it numerically instead */
res = getnameinfo(a->ai_addr, a->ai_addrlen,
host, sizeof(host),
serv, sizeof(serv),
NI_NUMERICHOST | NI_NUMERICSERV);
/* should not fail but... */
if (res) {
log_message(LOG_ERR, "sprintaddr:getnameinfo(NUM): %s\n", gai_strerror(res));
strcpy(host, "?");
strcpy(serv, "?");
}
}
snprintf(buf, size, "%s:%s", host, serv);
return buf;
}
/* Turns a hostname and port (or service) into a list of struct addrinfo
* returns 0 on success, -1 otherwise and logs error
**/
int resolve_split_name(struct addrinfo **out, const char* host, const char* serv)
{
struct addrinfo hint;
int res;
memset(&hint, 0, sizeof(hint));
hint.ai_family = PF_UNSPEC;
hint.ai_socktype = SOCK_STREAM;
res = getaddrinfo(host, serv, &hint, out);
if (res)
log_message(LOG_ERR, "%s `%s:%s'\n", gai_strerror(res), host, serv);
return res;
}
/* turns a "hostname:port" string into a list of struct addrinfo;
out: list of newly allocated addrinfo (see getaddrinfo(3)); freeaddrinfo(3) when done
fullname: input string -- it gets clobbered
*/
void resolve_name(struct addrinfo **out, char* fullname)
{
char *serv, *host, *end;
int res;
/* Find port */
char *sep = strrchr(fullname, ':');
if (!sep) { /* No separator: parameter is just a port */
fprintf(stderr, "%s: names must be fully specified as hostname:port\n", fullname);
exit(1);
}
serv = sep+1;
*sep = 0;
host = fullname;
/* If it is a RFC-Compliant IPv6 address ("[1234::12]:443"), remove brackets
* around IP address */
if (host[0] == '[') {
end = strrchr(host, ']');
if (!end) {
fprintf(stderr, "%s: no closing bracket in IPv6 address?\n", host);
}
host++; /* skip first bracket */
*end = 0; /* remove last bracket */
}
res = resolve_split_name(out, host, serv);
if (res) {
fprintf(stderr, "%s `%s'\n", gai_strerror(res), fullname);
if (res == EAI_SERVICE)
fprintf(stderr, "(Check you have specified all ports)\n");
exit(4);
}
}
/* Log to syslog or stderr if foreground */
void log_message(int type, char* msg, ...)
{
va_list ap;
va_start(ap, msg);
if (foreground)
vfprintf(stderr, msg, ap);
else
vsyslog(type, msg, ap);
va_end(ap);
}
/* syslogs who connected to where */
void log_connection(struct connection *cnx)
{
struct addrinfo addr;
struct sockaddr_storage ss;
#define MAX_NAMELENGTH (NI_MAXHOST + NI_MAXSERV + 1)
char peer[MAX_NAMELENGTH], service[MAX_NAMELENGTH],
local[MAX_NAMELENGTH], target[MAX_NAMELENGTH];
int res;
if (cnx->proto->log_level < 1)
return;
addr.ai_addr = (struct sockaddr*)&ss;
addr.ai_addrlen = sizeof(ss);
res = getpeername(cnx->q[0].fd, addr.ai_addr, &addr.ai_addrlen);
if (res == -1) return; /* Can happen if connection drops before we get here.
In that case, don't log anything (there is no connection) */
sprintaddr(peer, sizeof(peer), &addr);
addr.ai_addrlen = sizeof(ss);
res = getsockname(cnx->q[0].fd, addr.ai_addr, &addr.ai_addrlen);
if (res == -1) return;
sprintaddr(service, sizeof(service), &addr);
addr.ai_addrlen = sizeof(ss);
res = getpeername(cnx->q[1].fd, addr.ai_addr, &addr.ai_addrlen);
if (res == -1) return;
sprintaddr(target, sizeof(target), &addr);
addr.ai_addrlen = sizeof(ss);
res = getsockname(cnx->q[1].fd, addr.ai_addr, &addr.ai_addrlen);
if (res == -1) return;
sprintaddr(local, sizeof(local), &addr);
log_message(LOG_INFO, "%s:connection from %s to %s forwarded from %s to %s\n",
cnx->proto->description,
peer,
service,
local,
target);
}
/* libwrap (tcpd): check the connection is legal. This is necessary because
* the actual server will only see a connection coming from localhost and can't
* apply the rules itself.
*
* Returns -1 if access is denied, 0 otherwise
*/
int check_access_rights(int in_socket, const char* service)
{
#ifdef LIBWRAP
union {
struct sockaddr saddr;
struct sockaddr_storage ss;
} peer;
socklen_t size = sizeof(peer);
char addr_str[NI_MAXHOST], host[NI_MAXHOST];
int res;
res = getpeername(in_socket, &peer.saddr, &size);
CHECK_RES_RETURN(res, "getpeername");
/* extract peer address */
res = getnameinfo(&peer.saddr, size, addr_str, sizeof(addr_str), NULL, 0, NI_NUMERICHOST);
if (res) {
if (verbose)
fprintf(stderr, "getnameinfo(NI_NUMERICHOST):%s\n", gai_strerror(res));
strcpy(addr_str, STRING_UNKNOWN);
}
/* extract peer name */
strcpy(host, STRING_UNKNOWN);
if (!numeric) {
res = getnameinfo(&peer.saddr, size, host, sizeof(host), NULL, 0, NI_NAMEREQD);
if (res) {
if (verbose)
fprintf(stderr, "getnameinfo(NI_NAMEREQD):%s\n", gai_strerror(res));
}
}
if (!hosts_ctl(service, host, addr_str, STRING_UNKNOWN)) {
if (verbose)
fprintf(stderr, "access denied\n");
log_message(LOG_INFO, "connection from %s(%s): access denied", host, addr_str);
close(in_socket);
return -1;
}
#endif
return 0;
}
void setup_signals(void)
{
int res;
struct sigaction action;
/* Request no SIGCHLD is sent upon termination of
* the children */
memset(&action, 0, sizeof(action));
action.sa_handler = NULL;
action.sa_flags = SA_NOCLDWAIT;
res = sigaction(SIGCHLD, &action, NULL);
CHECK_RES_DIE(res, "sigaction");
/* Set SIGTERM to exit. For some reason if it's not set explicitly,
* coverage information is lost when killing the process */
memset(&action, 0, sizeof(action));
action.sa_handler = exit;
res = sigaction(SIGTERM, &action, NULL);
CHECK_RES_DIE(res, "sigaction");
/* Ignore SIGPIPE . */
action.sa_handler = SIG_IGN;
res = sigaction(SIGPIPE, &action, NULL);
CHECK_RES_DIE(res, "sigaction");
}
/* Open syslog connection with appropriate banner;
* banner is made up of basename(bin_name)+"[pid]" */
void setup_syslog(const char* bin_name) {
char *name1, *name2;
int res;
name1 = strdup(bin_name);
res = asprintf(&name2, "%s[%d]", basename(name1), getpid());
CHECK_RES_DIE(res, "asprintf");
openlog(name2, LOG_CONS, LOG_AUTH);
free(name1);
/* Don't free name2, as openlog(3) uses it (at least in glibc) */
log_message(LOG_INFO, "%s %s started\n", server_type, VERSION);
}
/* Ask OS to keep capabilities over a setuid(nonzero) */
void set_keepcaps(int val) {
#ifdef LIBCAP
int res;
res = prctl(PR_SET_KEEPCAPS, val, 0, 0, 0);
if (res) {
perror("prctl");
exit(1);
}
#endif
}
/* set needed capabilities for effective and permitted, clear rest */
void set_capabilities(void) {
#ifdef LIBCAP
int res;
cap_t caps;
cap_value_t cap_list[10];
int ncap = 0;
if (transparent)
cap_list[ncap++] = CAP_NET_ADMIN;
caps = cap_init();
#define _cap_set_flag(flag) do { \
res = cap_clear_flag(caps, flag); \
CHECK_RES_DIE(res, "cap_clear_flag(" #flag ")"); \
if (ncap > 0) { \
res = cap_set_flag(caps, flag, ncap, cap_list, CAP_SET); \
CHECK_RES_DIE(res, "cap_set_flag(" #flag ")"); \
} \
} while(0)
_cap_set_flag(CAP_EFFECTIVE);
_cap_set_flag(CAP_PERMITTED);
#undef _cap_set_flag
res = cap_set_proc(caps);
CHECK_RES_DIE(res, "cap_set_proc");
res = cap_free(caps);
if (res) {
perror("cap_free");
exit(1);
}
#endif
}
/* We don't want to run as root -- drop privileges if required */
void drop_privileges(const char* user_name)
{
int res;
struct passwd *pw = getpwnam(user_name);
if (!pw) {
fprintf(stderr, "%s: not found\n", user_name);
exit(2);
}
if (verbose)
fprintf(stderr, "turning into %s\n", user_name);
set_keepcaps(1);
/* remove extraneous groups in case we belong to several extra groups that
* may have unwanted rights. If non-root when calling setgroups(), it
* fails, which is fine because... we have no unwanted rights
* (see POS36-C for security context)
* */
setgroups(0, NULL);
res = setgid(pw->pw_gid);
CHECK_RES_DIE(res, "setgid");
res = setuid(pw->pw_uid);
CHECK_RES_DIE(res, "setuid");
set_capabilities();
set_keepcaps(0);
}
/* Writes my PID */
void write_pid_file(const char* pidfile)
{
FILE *f;
f = fopen(pidfile, "w");
if (!f) {
perror(pidfile);
exit(3);
}
fprintf(f, "%d\n", getpid());
fclose(f);
}